Jaipur, Agra, Delhi Tour
Delhi is a city dated back to prehistoric era. Many scholars associate the site of renowned Old Fort to Mahabharata period. There were seven medieval names of Delhi. These are Kila Rai Pithora or Lalkot, Siri, Tughlakabad, Firozabad or Kotala, Dinpanah, Jahapanah and Shahjahanabad.
After first war of Independence in 1857, the capital of India was transferred to Calcutta. In 1912 the capital was shifted back to Delhi. New Delhi was established as the new capital with wide roads, large avenues and Mughal style gardens.
Red Fort : has witnessed many ups and downs in history. It was considered a symbol of power. It was constructed as a palace complex inside the walled city of Shahjahanabad, the old name of Delhi. Its main attractions are Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khahs, Rang Mahal, Moti Masjid, and Arms Museum etc. Recently it has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
India Gate : This huge structure was built as a war memorial for Indian martyrs who of the First World War. One can have a panoramic view of the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhavan, the abode of the President of India. The Bhavan is flanked by the North and South blocks, the citadel of today’s power. Under the India Gate is Amar Jawan Jyoti, an eternal flame lit in the memory of India soldiers who sacrificed their lives after independence.
Humayun’s Tomb : is another World Heritage Site. It was built by Haji Begum in memory of her husband Emperor Humayun, the second Mughal Emperor. Many consider it as an architectural precursor to the Taj. The architectural design of double dome is made to perfection. The tomb of celebrated Hazrat Nizamuddin, a Sufi saint is also situated nearby.
Qutub Minar : is situated in Mehrauli archaeological park which has also been declared as World Heritage monument by UNESCO. The 72 mts tall minar is the highest stone built minaret in the world. The construction of this minar was started by Qutubuddin Aibak in memory of Sufi saint Qutubuddin Bhaktiyar Kaki and later completed by Iltutmish in 1230. This complex also has various structures of early Turk period like Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, Alai Minar, tomb of Jamali-Kamali and celebrated age old Iron Pillar considered by many as a metallurgical wonder.
Rajghat : It is final resting place of our beloved Bapu (Rashtrapita Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi). It is situated on banks of RiverYamuna and is a must for every tourist as well as diplomat visiting Delhi. Recently, 2nd October, the birthday of the Mahatma has been declared as ‘non- violence day’ by the United Nations. The resting place of many prominent national leaders (Jawahar Lal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi etc.) is situated nearby.
Apart from these places Delhi has many other places of tourist interest like National Museum, Sansad Bhavan, Jantar Mantar, Delhi Haat, Akshardham Temple, Lodhi Garden, Indian Habitat Centre, Purana Qila etc.
Agra is around of 3 hrs drive from Delhi. This city was built by Sikandar Lodhi in early 16th century. He built a brick fort. Akbar later built famous Agra Fort or Red Fort on same site. Hardly any structure of Akbar’s time has still survived. This fort underwent rigorous changes during reign of Jahangir and Shahjahan. Some celebrated buildings inside the fort are Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khahs., Jahangir Mahal, Shish Mahal, Shah Burz or Musamman Burz where Shahjahan was held captive. It has been declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Taj Mahal : was built as a resting place for Shahjahan’s wife Mumtaz Mahal Begum.. It is considered an archaeological wonder. It was built in white marble and had remarkable pietra-dura work. The beauty of Taj lies in its symmetry. It was built by Ustad Isha and is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. It is built on a high platform and is surrounded by four minarets. It’s a World Heritage Site and has been recently declared amongst the Seven Wonders of the Modern world.
Akbar’s tomb : is located at Sikandara. It displays secular outlook of the Emperor. It was completed by his son Jahangir.
Itmad-ud-daula’s Tomb : was the First Mughal building completely made of white marble and considered by many as precursor of the Taj, though it was relatively smaller in size. It is famous for pietra-dura work. It was built by Nurjahan in memory of her father.
Fatehpur Sikri : is often described as an epic in red sandstone. It was built by Akbar for his new capital. The most significant structure is Buland Darwaja, the entrance to the beautiful marble tomb of celebrated Sufi saint Salim Chisti and Jama Masjid, which was built as a memorial to Akbar’s magnificent victory in Gujarat. It is the highest gate way in the world. Later due to unrest in North East and shortage of water, Akbar was forced to leave the city. Some famous structures are Panch Mahal, Birbal Mahal, Jodha Bai Mahal, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khahs .Other places of tourist interest in Agra include Radha Swami Samadhi, Chinni Ka Roza, Mariam’s tomb, Jama Masjid etc.
jaipur, also known as pink city was capital of ruling Kachhwaha dynasty Rajputs who were famous for their valour. It is situated round four hrs drive from Delhi as well as Agra and constitutes The Golden Triangle..
City Palace : located in heart of walled city, it shows the archaeological genius of Jai Singh. It is a blend of Mughal and Rajasthani style of Architecture.
Hawa Mahal : is the palaces of wind built by Sawai Pratap Singh in such a manner that palace’s women were able to look outside the jharokha without coming in view from outside.
Jaigarh Fort : It is an archaeological wonder constructed around three hill tops. Jai Ban or Jai Van, the largest canon, is situated on ramparts of the fort.
Amber : Amber or Amer fort was the capital of ruling Kachhwaha during a turbulent period. It is situated on a hill top. Later the capital was transferred to the plains of Jaipur.It is a classic and romantic fort palace with magnificent aura.
Jantar Mantar : It is the largest of the five observatories built by Raja Jai Singh. The king was a passionate follower of astronomy and numerology. He was ably helped by some Italian astronomer in this project. The most striking is Brihat Samrat Yantra, the largest sundial in the world.
The other tourist destinations included Albert Hall, Statue Circle, Moti Dhangri, Birla Mandir, and City Palace Museum etc.